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当前位置:手机彩票平台 » 国立旭振资讯中心 » 行业新闻 » 国立旭振│小水电发电应得到政府高度重视

国立旭振│小水电发电应得到政府高度重视

文章出处:责任编辑:人气:-发表时间:2015-10-26 10:06【

  深度挖潜小水电生态效应

  国立旭振建议政府应像重视风电、太阳能发电一样重视小水电

  “ZAIZHONGYANGTICHU‘SIGEQUANMIAN’ZHONGDAZHANLVEBUJU,WOGUOJINGJIFAZHANBURUXINCHANGTAIDELISHITIAOJIANXIA,FAHUIZIYUANYOUSHI,KEXUEYOUXUFAZHAN,WEISHIXIANZONGTIZHANLVEMUBIAOFUHAOWU,XIAOSHUIDIANRENGRANDAYOUKEWEI。”ZAIJINRIYOUZHONGGUOSHUILIFADIANGONGCHENGXUEHUI、ZHONGGUOKEPUZUOJIAXIEHUIZHUBANDE“XIAOSHUIDIANDESHENGTAIZUOYONGKEPULUNTAN”SHANG,SHUILIBUSHUIDIANJUJUZHANGTIANZHONGXINGBIAOSHI。

  GENJUQUANGUONONGCUNSHUINENGDIAOCHAPINGJIACHENGGUO,WOGUOXIAOSHUIDIANJISHUKEKAIFALIANG1.28YIQIANWA,ANZHAOXIANZAIDEJISHUSHUIPING、KANCHASHOUDUANHEPINGJIABIAOZHUN,YINGGAIHAIYOUGENGDADEQIANLI。YINCI,ZAIHONGGUANCENGMIANKANWOGUOXIAOSHUIDIANDEKAIFALVBINGBUSUANGAO,HAIYOUHENDADEKONGJIAN。

  XIAOSHUIDIANSHILVSENENGYUAN、KEZAISHENGNENGYUANHEFENBUSHINENGYUAN。ZHONGGUOGONGCHENGYUANYUANSHILILIYINGBIAOSHI,YAOZAINENGYUANGEMINGDEGAODUSHANGSIKAOXIAOSHUIDIAN。ZAINENGYUANGEMINGDESHIDAIBEIJINGXIA,XIAOSHUIDIANZAIZENGJIAQINGJIENENGYUANGONGYING、TUIJINSHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEFANGMIANBEIJIYUHOUWANG。

  WEISHIXIANQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUIDEFENDOUMUBIAO,ZAIXINDELISHIQIDIANSHANG,XIAOSHUIDIANJIANFUZHEXINDESHIMING。

  可再生能源利用最成功的是小水电

  “ZAIQUANQIUKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDEKAIFALIYONGSHANG,WULUNSHIDUISHUINENG、FENGNENG、TAIYANGNENGDEKAIFALIYONG,ZHONGGUODOUZOUZAILEQIANMIAN。DANQIZHONGZHONGGUOZUITUCHU、ZUICHENGGONGDEHAISHIXIAOSHUIDIAN。WOGUOXIAOSHUIDIANDEKAIFALIYONG,SHIQUANSHIJIEGONGRENDECHENGGONGDIANFAN,LINGQUANSHIJIEQINPEI。YINCI,LIANHEGUODEXIAOSHUIDIANZHONGXINYESHEZAILEZHONGGUO,YOUZHONGGUOPEIXUNGEGUODEXIAOSHUIDIANZHUANJIA。”ZHONGGUOSHUILIFADIANGONGCHENGXUEHUIFUMISHUZHANGZHANGBOTINGGAOSUZHONGGUODIANLIBAOJIZHE。

  WOGUOXIAOSHUIDIANCONGWUDAOYOU、CONGXIAODAODA,ZAIBUTONGDELISHISHIQIFAHUILEBUTONGDELISHIZUOYONG,QUDELEHUIHUANGCHENGJIU。TIANZHONGXINGZAISHANGSHULUNTANSHANGBIAOSHI:“XIAOSHUIDIANZAIWOGUOYIYOU100DUONIANLISHI,SHIDAGUIMOKAIFALIYONGZUIZAO、JISHUZUICHENGSHUDEKEZAISHENGNENGYUAN。WOGUOZAIXIAOSHUIDIANSHEJI、SHIGONG、SHEBEIZHIZAO、YUNXINGGUANLIDENGFANGMIANDOUYICHUYUSHIJIELINGXIANXINGLIE。”

  1983NIAN,GUOJIAQIDONGNONGCUNSHUIDIANCHUJIDIANQIHUASHIDIANJIANSHE,ZAIZHONGYANGZHENGCEZHICHI、ZIJINFUCHIXIA,DIFANGYIZILIGENGSHENGWEIZHUKAIFAXIAOSHUIDIAN,JIANSHEPEITAODIANWANG,ZAIQUANGUOFANWEINEIXINGCHENGLE40DUOGEQUYUDIANWANG,600DUOGEXIANYIXIAOSHUIDIANGONGDIANWEIZHU。

  DIANQIHUAXIANHUTONGDIANLVCONG1980NIANDEBUZU40%TIGAODAO2010NIANDE99.8%,HUJUNNIANSHENGHUOYONGDIANLIANGCONGBUZU200QIANWASHITIGAODAO800QIANWASHI,SHIQUANGUOERFENZHIYIDEDIYU、SANFENZHIYIDEXIANSHI、3YIDUONONGCUNRENKOUYONGSHANGLEDIAN,XIAOSHUIDIANDIANLIANGLEZHONGGUONONGCUN。

  JIEZHI2014NIANDI,QUANGUOYIJIANCHENGZHUANGJIZAI5WANQIANWAJIYIXIADEXIAOSHUIDIANZHAN47000DUOZUO,ZHUANGJIRONGLIANG7300WANQIANWA,NIANFADIANLIANG2200DUOYIQIANWASHI,ZHUANGJIRONGLIANGHENIANFADIANLIANGJUNZHANQUANGUOSHUIDIANDESIFENZHIYI。XIAOSHUIDIANDEFAZHANDUIWOGUODIANLIGONGYEFAZHAN,YOUQISHIDUIGUANGDASHANQUNONGCUNJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANHENONGMINTUOPINZHIFUZUOCHULELISHIXINGGONGXIAN。

  ZILIAOXIANSHI,XIAOSHUIDIANDAIRANLIAOXIANGMUSHISHIYILAI,JIEJUELE400WANNONGMINDESHENGHUORANLIAO,MEINIANKEJIANSHAOXINCHAIXIAOHAO670WANLIFANGMI,BAOHUSENLINMIANJI1400WANMU。TONGGUOKAIZHANLVSEXIAOSHUIDIANJIANSHE,QIANGHUADIANZHANJIANSHUIHEDUANSHENGTAIXIUFUZHILIHEXIAXIELIULIANGJIANGUAN,ZHONGXIAOHELIUSHENGTAIDEDAOMINGXIANGAISHAN。XUDUODIFANGLIYONGXIAOSHUIDIANKAIFAXINGCHENGDESHUIMIANYINGZAORENGONGSHIDIHEQINSHUIZOULANG,CHENGWEICHENGZHENJINGGUANHELIANGHAODELVYOU、XIUXIANHUODONGCHANGSUO。

  JULEJIE,“SHIERWU”QIAN4NIANZHONGYANGTOUZI124YIYUAN,LADONGNONGCUNSHUIDIANXIANGMUWANCHENGZONGTOUZI1400DUOYIYUAN,XIANGDANGYUZHONGYANGTOUZI1YUANQIAN,LADONGSHEHUITOUZI10YUANQIAN。NONGCUNSHUIDIANZHANFASHOUDIANZONGSHOURU4800DUOYIYUAN,SHANGJIAOSHUIJIN400DUOYI,LEIJITIGONGJIUYEGANGWEI150DUOWANGE,WEIDIFANGCAIZHENGTIGONGLEWENDINGLAIYUAN,WEIPINKUNDIQUFAZHANZHURULEHUOLI。

  GUOJIXIAOSHUIDIANZHONGXINZHURENLIUHENGXIANGBENBAOJIZHEJIESHAO:“WOGUOKAIFAXIAOSHUIDIAN、JIANSHENONGCUNDIANQIHUADEJINGYANDEDAOGUOJISHEHUIDEPUBIANZANYU。ZONGBUSHEZAIWOGUODELIANHEGUOGUOJIXIAOSHUIDIANZHONGXINXIANHOUWEI30DUOGEGUOJIATIGONGLEXIAOSHUIDIANJISHUZIXUNHEFUWU,WEIFAZHANZHONGGUOJIAPEIXUNLEDAPIXIAOSHUIDIANJISHUGUGAN,DAIDONGLEGUONEIXIAOSHUIDIANSHEBEICHUKOUHELAOWUSHUCHU。‘DIANLIANGFEIZHOU’XIANGMUDEDAOLIANHEGUODECHONGFENKENDINGHEFEIZHOUGUOJIADEHUANYING。JINNIAN4YUE,XIJINPINGZHUXITONGBAJISITANZONGLIXIELIFUGONGTONGWEI‘ZHONGBAXIAOXINGSHUIDIANJISHUGUOJIALIANHEYANJIUZHONGXIN’JIEPAI,KAIQILEWOGUOXIAOSHUIDIANGUOJIHEZUOYUJIAOLIUDEXINPIANZHANG。”

  应像重视风电、太阳能发电一样重视小水电

  “XIAOSHUIDIANYOUYUFENGDIAN,YOUYUTAIYANGNENGFADIAN,DIANLICHULIXIANGDUIWENDING,JUYOUDIAOJIENENGLI。ZHENGFUYINGGAIXIANGZHONGSHIFENGDIAN、TAIYANGNENGFADIANYIYANGZHONGSHIXIAOSHUIDIAN。”ZHONGGUOGONGCHENGYUANYUANSHILILIYINGZAISHANGSHULUNTANSHANGBIAOSHI。

  XIAOSHUIDIANZHANYUNXINGKEKAO,CHULIXIANGDUIWENDING,NIANPINGJUNLIYONGXIAOSHISHUYUE3200XIAOSHI,GAOYUFENGDIANDE1900XIAOSHIHETAIYANGNENGFADIANDE1100XIAOSHI。2014NIANXIAOSHUIDIANZHUANGJISHIFENGDIANZHUANGJIDESIFENZHISAN,FADIANLIANGSHIFENGLIFADIANDE1.5BEI。

  DIAOJIENENGLILIANGHAODEXIAOSHUIDIANZHAN,YIBANDOUCHENGDANGZHEDIAOFENG、DIAOPINDERENWU,YIBAOZHENGGONGDIANPINZHIHEDIANWANGANQUAN。TONGSHI,XIAOSHUIDIANYEBUXUYAOPEITAOJIANSHECHANGGUINENGYUANLAIBAOZHENGDIANWANGWENDING。

  JUGUOWANGNENGYUANYANJIUYUAN、BEIJINGDAXUEHUANJINGKEXUEYUGONGCHENGXUEYUANDENGJIGOUYANJIU,BAOKUOGUDINGZICHANTOUZI、YUNXINGHEWEIHUCHENGBEN、TUIYICHENGBENDENGZAINEIDEDIANZHANQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQIDEFADIANCHENGBEN,MEIQIANWASHISHUIDIANWEI0.15YUAN、GUANGFUFADIANWEI0.34YUAN、FENGDIANWEI0.55YUAN,SHUIDIANCHENGBENZUIDI。NENGYUANHUIBAOLVSHINENGYUANSHESHIJIANSHEHEYUNXINGQUANGUOCHENGZHONGNENGYUANCHANCHUTOURUDEBIZHI。GENJUJIANADAKUIBEIKESHUIDIANJUDEYANJIU,SHUIKUSHISHUIDIANDENENGYUANHUIBAOLVYUEWEI208~280,JINGLIUSHISHUIDIANDENENGYUANHUIBAOLVYUEWEI170~267,FENGDIANYUEWEI18~34,SHENGWUNENGYUEWEI3.5,TAIYANGNENGWEI3~6,CHUANTONGHUOLIFADIAN2.5~5.1,SHUIDIANDENENGYUANHUIBAOLVZUIGAO。

  YUFENGLI、TAIYANGNENGYIDANYIFADIANWEIZHUBUTONG,XIAOSHUIDIANGONGCHENGJUYOULIANGHAODEZONGHEXIAOYI,CHULETIGONGQINGJIEDEDIANNENG,HAIJUYOUCHENGZHENFANGHONG、NONGYEGUANGAI、CHENGXIANGGONGSHUI、SHUICHANYANGZHIHEQINSHUILVYOUDENGDUOZHONGGONGNENG。JUZHONGGUOHUANJINGKEXUEYANJIUYUANYANJIU,XIAOSHUIDIAN(JINGLIUSHIWEIZHU)QUANSHENGMINGZHOUQITIDAIRANMEIHUODIANJIANPAIWENSHIQITIHEPM2.5DEYINZIWEIMEIQIANWASHI937~1019KEHE0.202KE,FENGDIANWEI921~1013KEHE0.134KE,TAIYANGNENGFADIANWEI820~984KEHE0.131KE。XIAOSHUIDIANDEJIANPAIYOUSHIMINGXIAN,JIANPAIPM2.5DEXIAOYISHIFENGLI、TAIYANGNENGFADIANDE1.5BEIYISHANG。

  “ZAIJIANTANFANGMIAN,XIAOSHUIDIANDEZUOYONGGENGSHIJUDA。ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,WOGUODEFENGNENGFADIANLIANGYIJINGSHIQUANQIUDIYI,DANSHI,WOGUOXIAOSHUIDIANDEJIANTANZUOYONG(AN2014NIANDEFADIANLIANG)JIHUYAOBIFENGNENGGAOCHU50%。ZHONGGUODEXIAOSHUIDIANDUIJIANPAIDEGONGXIANJUEDUIYESHIQUANQIUDIYIDE。CIWAI,FENGNENG、TAIYANGNENGDELIYONGSHIXUYAOJUDACAIZHENGBUTIEDE,BUJINYOUDIANJIASHANGDEMINGBU,HAIXUYAODIANWANGDEANBU(DIAOFENGBUTIE)。ERXIANGFANXIAOSHUIDIANDEDIDIANJIA,QIAQIASHIDIANWANGZUIDAYINXINGSHOURUZHIYI。WOMENKEYIKENDINGDISHUO,RUGUOMEIYOUXIAOSHUIDIANDEDIDIANJIA,DIANWANGJUEBUHUIJUBEIMUQIANZHEIZHONGWUCHANGWEIFENGNENG、TAIYANGNENGFADIANDIAOFENGDEJINGJINENGLI。”ZHANGBOTINGXIANGJIZHEFENXIDAO。

  “BABUWEICENGZHUANMENFAWENYAOQIUBAOZHENGXIAOSHUIDIANSHANGWANG、YOUXIANSHOUGOUXIAOSHUIDIAN,DANMUQIANLUOSHIQINGKUANGBUSHIHENHAO。《KEZAISHENGNENGYUANFA》DUISHUIDIANZHIWAIDEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANTICHUMINGQUEDEGULIBANFA,TONGSHITICHU‘SHUIDIANSHIYONGYU《KEZAISHENGNENGYUANFA》DEBANFAYOUGUOWUYUANLINGXINGZHIDING’,DANZHIJINMEIYOUKANDAOZHEIGEJUTIBANFA。”TIANZHONGXINGTANDAO。

  科学看待小水电的开发现状

  JINNIANLAI,SHEHUIGUANZHUDEXIAOSHUIDIANDUISHENGTAIHUANJINGDEYINGXIANGZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIKAIFACHENGDU、HEDUANJIANTUOSHUI、YULEIBAOHU、SHUITUBAOCHI、DIZHIZAIHAIFANGZHIDENGFANGMIAN。

  WOGUOYOUXIESHANQUHELIUBENSHENJIUSHIJIJIEXINGHELIU,KUSHUIQICUNZAIHESHUIDUANLIU、HECHUANGLUOLUDENGXIANXIANG。YIXIEZAOQIJIANSHEDEYINSHUISHIDIANZHANSHOUDANGSHIJINGJIJISHUTIAOJIANXIANZHI,MEIYOUSHEJI、JIANZAOZUIXIAOLIULIANGXIEFANGSHESHI,TONGSHI,SHUIZIYUANKAIFALIYONGCHENGDUYUELAIYUEGAO,ZHUDUOYINSUDOUSHIYINSHUIHEDUANDEJIANSHUITUOLIUXIANXIANGYOUSUOJIAJU。

  JUJIESHAO,“SHIERWU”QIJIAN,QUANGUO4400DUOZUOLAOJIUDIANZHANJINXINGLEZENGXIAOKUORONGGAIZAO,JIN2000TIAOZHONGXIAOHELIUDESHENGTAIHUANJINGDEDAOGAISHAN。FUJIAN、SHANXI、GANSUDENGDIYECHUTAILESHUIDIANZHANZUIXIAOXIAXIELIULIANGDEJISUAN、SHEJIHEJIANGUANBANFA,YAOQIULAOJIUDIANZHANTONGGUOSHEZHISHENGTAIXIESHUIGUAN、ZENGSHESHENGTAIJIZU、XINJIANYONGSHUIBAHEKAIZHANTIJILIANHEDIAODUDENGCUOSHI,QUEBAOCHANGBAJIANHEDUANSHENGTAIXUSHUI。

  ZHANGBOTINGJIANYI,YINGGAIJINLIANGBIMIANHEMIBUYINSHUISHIKAIFAXIAOSHUIDIANJIMOUYIHEDUANDAILAIJIANSHUI、TUOSHUIDEWENTI。DANHENDUOHELIUJIANSHUI、TUOSHUIDEGENYUANBUZAIYUXIAOSHUIDIAN,ERSHISHUIZIYUANDEFENBUBUJUNHEDUANQUE。XIAOSHUIDIANBENSHENBUXIAOHAOSHUIZIYUAN,FANERNENGBANGZHURENLEIGUANLISHUIZIYUAN、YINGDUISHUIWEIJI。

  DUIYUXIAOSHUIDIANKAIFAZHUBAJIELIU、ZUGEHUIYOUXINGYULEIDEHUIYOULUXIAN、YINGXIANGXILIUSHUIXINGYULEISHENGCUNDEWENTI,TIANZHONGXINGTICHU:“ZHUBASHILIUSHUIBIANWEIJINGSHUIDETONGSHI,YESHIXIJINGSHUISHENGHUODEZHONGLEIZAIKUQUCHENGWEIYOUSHIZHONGQUN。2012NIAN,SHUILIBUZUZHIQUANGUODUI3500DUOTIAOZHONGXIAOHELIUSHUINENGZIYUANKAIFAGUIHUAJINXINGXIUBIAN,FANSHEJIGUOJIAHEDIFANGZHONGDIANBAOHU、ZHENXIBINWEIHUOTEYOUSHUISHENGSHENGWUDEHEDUANDOUBUZAIGUIHUAXINJIANXIAOSHUIDIAN。”

  CIWAI,TIANZHONGXINGHAIBIAOSHI,XIAOSHUIDIANKAIFAZAOCHENGJUBUSHANTIRAODONGHESHUITULIUSHIWENTISHICUNZAIDE,DANBUSHIZAOCHENGNISHILIUZAIHAIFASHENGDECHENGYIN。QINGHUADAXUEYANJIUBIAOMING,SHUIDIANKAIFABUJINBUHUIYINFANISHILIUZAIHAI,HAINENGJIANSHAOHEJIANQINGNISHILIUDENGDIZHIZAIHAI。SHUIDIANZHANBUJINNENGGOUBA90%YISHANGDEHESHUINENGLIANGZHUANHUAWEIDIANNENG,JIANXIAOSHUILIUDEPOHUAILI,ERQIETIJIDIANZHANKEYIXINGCHENG“RENGONGJIETI—SHENTANXITONG”,KONGZHIHECHUANGDEQINSHIXIAQIE、WEICHIHECHUANGWENDING,CONGERXIAOJIANNISHILIUDENGDIZHIZAIHAIDEWEIHAI。SUIZHEZHENGFUZHINENGZHUANBIANDESHENRU,JIANGUANZHINENGDEZHUBUJIAQIANG,XIAOSHUIDIANJIANSHEZHONGSHUITULIUSHIWENTIJIANGHUIDEDAOJINYIBUZHILI。

  “XIAOSHUIDIANDEFUMIANYINGXIANGBUSHIQIBENSHENBINGFUZAOCHENGDE,TONGGUOJIANGUAN、GUIHUADENGCUOSHIKEYIEZHI。”LILIYINGZAILUNTANSHANGBIAOSHI。

  “ZONGDELAISHUO,TONGGUOLIANGHAODEGUIHUASHEJIHEYUNXINGGUANLIDENGCUOSHI,XIAOSHUIDIANKAIFADUIJUDISHENGTAIHUANJINGDEBULIYINGXIANGWANQUANKEYIJIANGZHIZUIDICHENGDUSHENZHIXIAOCHU。”TIANZHONGXINGBIAOSHI,YITIAOHELIU、YIGEQUYUJIANDUOSHAOSHUIDIANZHANMEIYOUTONGYIDELIANGHUABIAOZHUN,ZHEIQUJUEYUHELIUZIYUANBINGFUHEGONGNENG,XUYAOTONGGUOZHUANYEDELUNZHENGHEGUIFANDESHENCHASHENPI,ZAIGUIHUAZHONGMINGQUE。MOUTIAOHELIU、MOUYIQUYUSHUIDIANZHANJIANSHEDUOYUSHAO、SHUYUMI,YINGGAIJUTIWENTIJUTIFENXI,ZAIGUIHUAZHONGYUYITIXIAN。

  ZAILILIYINGKANLAI,XINYILUNDIANLITIZHIGAIGEDUIYUXIAOSHUIDIANFAZHANSHIYICIJUDADEJIYU。XIAOSHUIDIANKUAFADIANHEPEIYONGDIANLIANGDUAN,KEYIYITUODUOGEXIAOSHUIDIANCHENGLIFADIANQIYEJITUAN,YITUOXIAOSHUIDIANJIANSHEDUONENGHUBUWEIDIANWANG,YITUOZHOUBIANNONGCUNYONGHUCHENGLISHOUDIANGONGSI,KAIZHANXIAOSHUIDIANZHIGONGDIANYONGHUDESHICHANGMOSHI。

  “JINHOUFAZHANXIAOSHUIDIAN,BIXUZAIZHENGCE、JISHU、SHICHANGFANGMIANZHELI。ZAIXIAOSHUIDIANDIANJIA、SHANGWANG、RONGZIFANGMIANQIESHIZHICHI;ZOUJISHUCHUANGXINZHILU,ZUODAOKEXUESHISHIGUIHUA、DIANZHANJIANSHEHEYUNXINGGUANLI;ZUODAOZHENGFUZHUDAO、SHICHANGDAOXIANG、ZIZHIRENDING、JIAQIANGJIANGUAN。”LILIYINGJIANYI。


小水电发电应得到政府高度重视

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